Thanks for the response , Tom. I don't know how the arm/rod are doing, because as of now, I just had a private mechanic pick it up on a trailer and take it to his shop. I didn't even know that the rod/arm pulled out like this until looking it up, as I was kind of curious as to why he didn't want to try adjusting the cable/arm himself on-site.
I called him on it, and he said he didn't know that one could pull the arm/rod out like this. Which is kind of unsettling for me, because he either didn't truly know or he simply said he didn't know. I called him up and told him about it. He looked down inside with a flashlight and said he saw something broken over the phone (forgot what he said it was). But this is kind of discomforting for me, because either not knowing or saying he did not know, I feel that it's either just unfamiliarity with these bikes or not being 100% truthful. Either way, I'm not so sure about who I've picked atm. As of now, it's out of my hands. It's at his garage, and he's left for the weekend.
So, if one pulls out the arm/rod, does it reseat to connect to the assembly/pin/whathaveyou and then function correctly again? Did I simply not do something basic to get my clutch functioning correctly again? Sorry to put this burden on you all, but what should I do?