How many + poles pass by the Gen 1 exciter coil in one Revolution?
The total number of poles on the rotor, I should think!
I mentioned the Generation 1 presentation was simplified; refinements I'd expect in the real-world as-built condition: First, the AC coming from the exciter coils could easily be stepped-up with a transformer; I expect the elves who assembled Generation 1 KLR650s performed that very trick--say, going from maybe 100 VAC to 400 VAC. Next, the schematic shows a half-wave rectifier (the diode, D1?); no reason not to put in a full-wave rectifier, increasing the capacitor-charging coulombs-per-revolution by about 100 % (i.e., nearly twice that of a half-wave rectifier). So, by these refinements, the voltage is increased by a factor of 4, and the charging time and thus, current, by 2.
This discussion doesn't address why the Generation 2 produced no spark with the kickstarter. Is the impulse from the pickup coil too weak to trigger the electronic switch breaking the circuit saturating the ignition coil primary windings?
My cursory drive-by circuit analysis of the Generation 2 ignition suggests; if the ignition coil primary windings are saturated by the 12 VDC of the battery circuit, anything breaking that circuit should induce high voltage and consequent spark from the ignition coil seconday windings. I think somehow, the electronic switch did not receive a sufficiently robust pulse from the pickup coil to open the circuit and generate a spark from the consequently collapsing electromagnetic field . . .
That said, truth be told, I don't know why the kickstarter didn't work. A Generation 2 can be bump-started, AFAIK
; electrically, I'm unaware of significant difference between bump-starting and kickstarting. May the frontiers of knowledge someday expand to solve the extant riddle.